Emotional experiences in surrogate mothers: a qualitative study

Dublin Core


Emotional experiences in surrogate mothers: a qualitative study


Tehran, Hoda Ahmari
Tashi, Shohreh
Mehran, Nahid
Eskandari, Narges
Tehrani, Tahmineh Dadkhah



Publication Date



Background: Surrogacy is one of the new techniques of assisted reproduction technology in which a woman carries and bears a child for another woman. In Iran, many Shia clerics and jurists considered it permissible so there is no religious prohibition for it. In addition to the risk of physical complications for complete surrogate mothers, the possibility of psychological complications resulted from emotional attachment to a living creature in the surrogate mother as another injury requires counseling and assessment prior to acceptance by infertile couples and complete surrogate mothers. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the emotional experiences of surrogate mothers. Materials and Methods: This was a qualitative, phenomenological study. We selected eight complete surrogate mothers in Isfahan. We used convenient sampling method and in-depth interview to collect the information. The data analysis was fulfilled via Colaizzi’s seven-stage method. Reliability and validity study of the roots in the four-axis was done. Results: The findings of these interviews were classified into two main themes and four sub themes: acquired experiences in pregnancy (feelings toward pregnancy, relationship with family, relatives and commissioning couple) and consequences of surrogacy (complications of pregnancy, religious and financial problems of surrogacy). Conclusion: Surrogacy pregnancy should be considered as high-risk emotional experience because many of surrogate mothers may face negative experiences. Therefore, it is recommended that surrogates should receive professional counseling prior to, during and following pregnancy.

Primary Classification


Secondary Classification

14.2; 18.5.3

Primary keywords

emotions [pri]; qualitative research [pri]; surrogate mothers [pri]

Secondary keywords

interviews; maternal health; mother fetus relationship; pregnant women; religion; remuneration


Iran [pri]

Journal Article

Iranian Journal of Reproductive Medicine 2014 July; 12(7): 471-480


Creative Commons Attribution License, (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Primary Document Type


Subject Captions



32 refs.


16806433 (print); 20082177 (online)



“Emotional experiences in surrogate mothers: a qualitative study,” Islamic Medical & Scientific Ethics, accessed July 11, 2020, http://imse.ibp.georgetown.domains/items/show/38067.