The bioethical concept of life for life in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam: abortion when mother's life is in danger

Dublin Core

Title

The bioethical concept of life for life in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam: abortion when mother's life is in danger

Author

Khorfan, Rhami
Padela, Aasim I.

Language

English

Publication Date

20100000

Abstract

Modern secular bioethics has focused on developing a set of universal principles to guide clinical decision making. However, this ignores the important role of religion in resolving bioethical questions. It is imperative that healthcare providers understand these belief systems in order to traverse value conflicts and provide the highest quality care to a diverse population. This paper focuses on the process of bioethical deliberation in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam. Abortion is normatively prohibited in each faith and through examining how each ethical code allows for abortion when the mother’s life is in peril due to the fetus, we highlight the value of unborn life in each faith. Orthodox Judaism uses the concept of rodef, or pursuer, to permit abortion in this scenario, Catholicism uses the moral concept of 'double effect,' while Islamic law cites the maqasid, higher objectives of the law, to permit abortion in this scenario.

Primary Classification

2.1

Secondary Classification

2.1; 12.3; 9.5.5

Primary keywords

abortion [pri]; Islamic ethics; Jewish ethics [pri]; maternal health [pri]; Roman Catholic ethics; therapeutic abortion [pri]

Secondary keywords

beginning of life; bioethics; comparative studies; double effect; ethical analysis; religious ethics; schools of Islamic law; sharia; theology; value of life

Subject

Orthodox Judaism

Journal Article

Journal of the Islamic Medical Association of North America 2010; 42(3): 99-105

Link for Internet access

Note

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License

Primary Document Type

j

Bibliography

23 refs.

ISSN

08998299 print); 21609829 (online)

Collection

Citation

“The bioethical concept of life for life in Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam: abortion when mother's life is in danger,” Islamic Medical & Scientific Ethics, accessed June 22, 2024, http://imse.ibp.georgetown.domains/items/show/34600.