Forensic psychiatry in islamic jurisprudence

Dublin Core


Forensic psychiatry in islamic jurisprudence


Chaleby, Kutaiba S.


Herndon, VA: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2001.

Place of Publication

United States of America: Herndon, VA

No. of Pages

189 p.



Publication Date


Primary Classification


Secondary Classification


Primary keywords

forensic psychiatry--[pri];sharia--[pri]

Secondary keywords

capital punishment;child abuse;competence;confidentiality;criminal law;duty to warn;expert testimony;informed consent;involuntary commitment;malpractice;mentally ill persons;Muslim world;physician patient relationship;right to treatment


insanity defense

Primary Document Type


Table Of Contents

Foreword -- Author's introduction -- About this book -- About the Shari'ah or Islamic law -- The principles or sources of fiqh -- Balancing benefit and harm -- Judicial system in Islamic law -- The system of courts -- 1. Privileges and confidentiality -- The doctor-patient relationship -- Doctor-patient relationship in Islamic law -- Diagnoses and psychiatric evaluation -- Privileges and confidentiality in Islamic law -- The subpoena in secular and Islamic law -- 2. Insanity defense and criminal responsibility -- In secular law (the Anglo-American tradition) -- The insanity defense -- In Islamic law -- The concept of insanity in Islamic law -- Classification of insanity in Islamic law -- The insanity defense in the two traditions -- Conclusion -- 3. Involuntary hospitalization and treatment -- Criteria -- What is mental illness? -- The concept of patient consent in Islamic law -- Classification of patient consent in Islamic law -- Right to treatment vs. duty to protect in Islamic law -- Questionable commitment -- 4. Mental competencies -- What is mental competence -- Competence of entitlement -- Competence of performance -- Civil responsibility and liability -- Age and mental competence -- Adulthood in Islamic law -- Competence to marry and divorce -- Competence to make a contract -- Competence to sign into a hospital or institution -- Competence to make a will -- Undue influence -- Competence to deal with one's wealth -- Criteria of financial competence -- Special interdiction or hajr -- The guardian -- Can the guardian carry out commercial transactions? -- Competence to be executed -- 5. Islamic family laws in forensic psychiatry -- Marriage -- Divorce -- The safīh or 'financially incompetent' -- Undoing the marriage, or khul' -- Competence to undo the marriage -- 6. Child custody in Islamic law -- Definitions -- Child custody vs. guardianship -- The mother's right to custody -- Can the mother refuse custody? -- Parental rights for custody -- General criteria of fitness for custody -- The concept of period of custody in Islamic law -- The best interest of the child in Islamic law -- 7. Child abuse and child witness -- Child protection in the Qur'an and Sunnah -- Parental assault against children in Islamic jurisprudence -- Schools for averting the hadd punishments from parents -- Scholars against averting the hadd from a parent -- Physical chastisement in disciplining -- Legal implications of child abuse reporting -- Child witness -- 8. Psychiatric malpractice and liability -- Malpractice -- Duty -- Negligence -- Intentional harm -- Unintentional harm -- Violation of professional standards -- Ignorance -- Patient consent -- Deception -- Refusal of treatment -- Breach of confidentiality -- Consented termination of life -- Diyyah: the bloodwit for an organ or a life -- Problematic issues on diyyah facing contemporary jurists -- Afterword -- Appendix: questions and answers with Shaykh Sālih ibn Sa'd al-Lehaidān -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index

Call Number

RA1151 .C47 2001


Refs., p. 169-178





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